Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these
circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social, and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual
pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief from substance use and other behaviors.

Associated Symptoms

  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Aggression
  • Impulsive
  • Restlessness
  • Dilated pupils
  • Rapid or rambling speech

Relevant test 1

Advanced Neurotransmitters Code 4036

Relevant test 2

Pfeiffer Profile Code 3415


Pfeiffer Prole Code 3416